Are there bad omens in a woman, a house, and a horse?

Are there bad omens in a woman, a house, and a horse?

 written by Kevin Abdullah Karim

 

Acknowledgement: We are thankful to Brother Kevin Abdullah Karim for providing us with such a valuable work and letting us include his article on our blog.

 

Assalamu-alaikum wa rahamatullahi wa barakatuhu. The position of women in islam has been topic of debate for many years. Often we see many hadith and quranic verses being misinterpretated and distorted by christian missionaries and other polemics against Islam. One of such hadeeth/narration which has been misinterpretated and misquoted by the christian missionaries is the hadith on bad omens. Are there bad omens in a woman, a house, and a horse ? Many christian missionaries falsely claim that Islam views or considers women as bad omens. Before we discuss this issue further, let us first clarify the meaning of an omen :

 

Omen: a phenomenon that serves as a sign or warning of some “future good or evil” – Observed phenomenon that is interpreted as signifying good or bad fortune – Omens or portents are signs encountered fortuitously that are believed to foretell the future. Their interpretation is a form of divination. Omens may be considered either good or bad depending on their interpretation. Black cats are considered bad omens in the United States, however in the United Kingdom they are considered good omens. Shooting stars are generally good. Finding a coin may be either good or bad. In any case, omens indicate that changes may be coming, which is always cause for concern -  Sign or augury believed to foreshadow the future. Almost any occurrence can be interpreted as an omen.  [1]

 

They [ the christian missionaries ] base their argument on the next hadith, found in Sahih Bukhari:

 

Abdullah ibn Umar narrated: the Prophet said: Bad omens are in a woman, a house, and a horse.  [2]

 

The same narration from the same narrator [ Ibn Umar ]  is however also found in the same hadeeth collection [ Sahih Bukhari ] with a [ crucial ] diferent wording. This narrations tells us that:

 

Narrated Ibn Umar: Mention of bad omens was made in the presence of the Prophet, and the Prophet said: “If bad omens are to be found in anything, it is in a house, a woman and a horse.”   [3]

 

According to this version of the hadeeth, there are no bad omens [ future bad ] in a woman, a house, and a horse. The next question off course is: “Which version of the hadeeth is the correct one ?” The answer ot this question can be found when we take a look at the next authentic hadeeth from our beloved Prophet Muhammad:

 

Anas reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “There is no infection and there are no bad omens [ Tiyarah ] , but I like optimism.” They said, “What is optimism?” He said, “A good word.”  [4]

 

In another authentic hadeeth we read that belief in bad omens is shirk ! 

 

Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood said: The Messenger of Allaah, peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him, said: “Tiyarah [belief in bad omens] is shirk.”  [5]

 

Here we can see that it is  strict forbidden [ haram ] to believe in bad omens ! The Prophet condemned such beliefs, and warned muslims for this form of shirk ! These facts clearly proof us that the version: “evil omen is the women, the house, and the horse” is incorrect, and misses a crucial part of text from the full narration. In the full [ complete ] version of the hadeeth we can see that the Prophet did not say that evil omens are in these things [ the woman, the house, and the horse ]. Rather what he said was if there were omens in things they would be in those, i.e. if there were to be in anything they would be in those things. Shayk Albani confirms: 

 

The people of Jahileeyah used to say: “There are omens in a house, in a woman and a horse.”  The origins of the hadeeth: Two men from Bani ‘Aamir entered upon ‘Ayesha, they told her that Abu Huraira narrates on the authority of the Prophet-sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – that he said: ‘There are omens in a house, in a woman and a horse.’ She became very angry; half of her flew to the sky, and half to the earth. She said : “I swear by the One Who sent down the Furqaan to Muhammad, that the Messenger never ever said this, rather what he said was: “the people of jahileeyah used to seek omens from that.” And in the narration of Ahmad: “But the Prophet of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – used to say: the people of jahileeyah used to say: Omens are in a woman, a house and a riding animal. Then Ayesha read to the end of the Ayaah.” And it was narrated by al-Hakim [2/479] and he said: “authentic Isnaad” and ad-Dhahabi agreed with him, it is as they said it was, rather it is upon the conditions of Muslim. What supports this narration is what at-Tayaalisee narrated in his ‘Musnad’ [1537 ]: Muhammad bin Raashid narrated to us on the authority of Makhool, it was said to ‘Ayesha : that Abu Huraira says: that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said; “Pessimism is found in three things: in a house, a woman and a horse.” Ayesha said: “Abu Huraira did not memorize this, because when he entered, the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – was saying: May Allaah curse the Jews; they say: ‘Without doubt pessimism is in a house, a woman and a horse,’ so he heard the end of the hadeeth, and he never heard the beginning of it.”

To sum up, the narrators had differed in the wording of the hadeeth, some of them narrated it as in the chapter heading. There are narrators who mentioned this saying with an extra wording in the beginning of the hadeeth. This indicates that there are no omens or pessimism [and they have the same meaning like the scholars have said]. This is what the majority of narrators were upon. Therefore their narration is the stronger opinion, since they have more information/knowledge, so it is obligatory to accept it. Certainly what supports this opinion is the hadeeth of ‘Ayesha, which is the one where the people of jahileeyah are those who said that Omens are in a woman, a house and a riding animal.

Zarkashee said in ‘al-Ejabah’ [ p.128 ] : “Some of the scholars have said: The narration of ‘Ayesha regarding this matter resembles the truth InshAllaah [ i.e. More than the hadeeth of Abu Huraira ] due to it being in agreement with the prohibition of the Messenger of Allaah – alayhi as-Sallat wa sallam of believing in omens, which is a general prohibition, disliking them and persuasion in leaving them, due to the saying of the Messenger : “Seventy thousand people will enter Paradise without being taken into account. They are those who don’t seek cauterization,(and in the original text: do not hoard up wealth) do not request Ruqya, nor do they believe in omens, and they rely upon their Lord.”

I say: he indicates by his saying: “Some of the scholars” to Imaam at-Tahawee -may Allaah have mercy upon him. At-Tahawee favours the previously mentioned hadeeth of  Ayesha in “Mushkil al-Athaar”, and similarly in “Sharh al-Ma’aani” and he ended his research about this subject with this hadeeth. He said regarding the hadeeth of Sa’ad, and about those which are similar in meaning: “What is indicated in this hadeeth is different to what is indicated before it in other hadeeth, [ I mean, the hadeeth of Ibn Umar, narrated by 'Utbah bin Muslim and that which has the same meaning on the authority of Ibn Umar ], that is due to Sa’ad scolding Sa’eed when he mentioned to him about omens, he informed him on the authority of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – that he said : ‘There are no omens,” then he said: “If there were omens in anything, it would be in a woman, a horse and in a house.” However he did not say that omens are in these things. Rather what he said was if there were omens in things they would be in those, i.e. if there were to be in anything they would be in those things. So if they were not in these things, then they would not be in anything.’ All Praise belongs to Allaah, may His peace and blessings be upon our final Prophet Muhammad, his family, his companions and all those who follow his guidance.  [6]

 

In another narration [ on this subject ]  the Prophet tells us  [ again ] that bad omens do not exist in anything, and if good omens extist [ or were true ] , they would also be found in these three things [ the women, the hourse, and the horse ].

 

The Prophet said, “Bad omens do not exist in anything [al-yumm] but if good omens exist, then it would be in women, homes and horses.”  [7]  

 

In another narration we read:

 

The Prophet said, “There are three things that cause happiness and three things that create misery for the human being. A good wife, a good house, and good transport cause happiness. A bad wife, a bad house and bad transport cause his misery”.  [8]

 

Since a person, most of the time, cannot do without a house to live in, a wife to live with, and a horse to tie, so there will inevitably be undesirable and desirable things that will happen concerning them. So good omen [ future good ] and bad omen [ future bad ] are attributed to these things , because they are the place of their occurence, although they come from the Decree of Allaah. The narrations in question therefor only mean or indicate that Allah may allow a superstitious effect in objects for those who come near them or live in them, and there may be some blessing in some objects, and anyone who comes near them is not affected by bad omens or anything bad. This is like when Allah gives parents a blessed child and they experience goodness because of him, whilst He gives others a mean child and they experience bad things because of him. This applies to what Allah may bestow on His slave of houses, wives and horses. Allah swt is the Creator of good and evil, good luck and bad luck. So some of these things may be “lucky” and blessed and bring happiness for those who come into contact with them, so they are blessed. And some of them may be “unlucky” and bring “bad luck” to those who come into contact with them, all by the Will and Decree of Allah, just as He has created all other causes and effects which may vary. These things are known from experience. This is one thing, and the “shirk” belief in bad omens is something else altogether. A Muslim should not belief in ”omens” , but realize that only Allah subhana wa ta’ala ultimately gives, takes, benefits, and harms.

 

Finally i would like to point out that many people [ both Muslims and Non-Muslims ] often fail to understand the context in which these statements were made or said by the Prophet. Most of the ahadith, or sayings, of the Prophet were uttered in the presence of men. Due to this, as a general rule most sayings or issues were mentioned and / or explained in the context of men’s life [ as is often the case in many religious scriptures ] or men’s case / point of view. However this does not negate or nullify the fact that the same can also be said from a woman’s point of view.  A bad husband for example will cause his wife future bad too [ although it comes from the Degree of Allah ]. So bad omen can be attributed to him too [ in case omens would exist ].The same can be said about a woman’s house or transport.  

 

The Prophet said: “This world is just temporary conveniences, and the best comfort in this world is a righteous woman.”  [9]

 

Elhamdoelilah, all the misconceptions [ confusions ] about the hadeeths on “good and bad omens” have been clarified. Finally it’s interesting to point out the biblical view on women. In the book of Zecharia [ which belongs to the Old Testament ]  one can see and read how much women are “honored” and “respected” in the Bible:

Then the cover of lead was raised, and there in the basket sat “a woman” ! He said, “This is wickedness” ,  and he pushed her back into the basket and pushed the lead cover down over its mouth. [10]

 

John Wesley [ a renowned biblical scholar ] in his commentary writes:

 

This – “This woman represents the wickedness of the Jews.” He cast it – The angel cast down this woman. On the mouth – And so shut her up, to suffer the punishment of all her sins.  [11]

 

Subhanallah ! The hypocrisy [ and double standards ] of the christian missionaries have been exposed. There attacks on Islam [ especially on women's issues ] are based on lies and misquotations, while their own Bible uses a “woman” to respresent the wickedness of people. May Allah guide us all into the straight path. Ameen.

 

 

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

[1]

 

See: – http://www.answers.com/omen -

 

[2]

 

See: Sahih al-Bukhari,  7/30 

 

[3]

 

See: Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 7, Book 62, Nr. 31 - Another narration [ see note 8 ] makes clear that “bad omen in a woman” [ if true ] only applies to a “bad wife”.

 

[4]

 

See: al-Bukhaari [5776] and Sahih Muslim [2224]

 

[5]

 

See: Ahmad [4194] , Abu Dawood [3910] , al-Tirmidhi [1614] and Ibn Maajah [3538]

 

[6]

 

Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah [ 993 ] ,  by Shaykh Al-Albaani – Note:  one should pay close attention to Aicha’s comments [ see Musnad Ahmad 6/ 246 ] cited by Albani in his commentary. Her comments proof us that the people of jahileeyah [ and not Muslims ] were the ones who believed that bad omens could be found in  women, houses and horses. Islam does not allow such beliefs ! The Prophet did not attribute bad omens to these things [ however some people, due to confusion or missing crucial parts of the Prophet's speech, believed that the Prophet himself attributed bad omens to these things, which was proven wrong by Aischa who witnessed the full speech of the Prophet on that particular occasion ] Rather what he [ the Prophet ] said [ could be during the same particular speech which was witnessed by Aischa, or it could be that the Prophet said this to his companions during another occasion ] was  if omens were to be in anything, these three [ the woman, the house, and the horse ] would most likely give omens [ future good and future bad ]. However omens do not exist anything. Belief in them is shirk ! 

 

 

 

See: Ibn Qayyim, Awn al-Mabud, 10:240

 

[8]

 

Narration is transmitted by Ahmad, Al-Bazzar and Al-Tabrany in “Al-Kabr wal-Awsat” on the authority of Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas, as Al-Hathamy said in”Al-Majma 41272″. It is mentioned by Al-Munzery in ”Al-Targheeb wal-Tarheeb”, who said it was transmitted by Ahmad through authentic support and by Al-Hakim.

 

[9]

 

See: Sahih Muslim 10/56, Kitab al-rida’, bab istihbab nikah al-bikr

 

[10]

 

See: Old Testament, Zechariah 5:7-8

 

[11]

 

See: – http://bible.crosswalk.com/Commentaries/WesleysExplanatoryNotes/wes.cgi?book=zec&chapter=005 -

 

[7]

 

 

References and Notes:

 

 

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